About Forbes Park

General Park Information:


Forbes Park is a rural cooperative residential community development of a type that the State of Colorado terms a “common interest community”. It is a legally incorporated association of property owners who have purchased property within the development. It is not a municipal corporation and is politically situated within Costilla County in south-central Colorado. The nearest towns and cities are listed in the Figure 1 below. Tree varieties include aspen, limber pine, spruces and firs, ponderosa pines and a few bristlecone pines in the higher elevations. About 55% of Forbes Park is densely forested, 15% is sagebrush and 30% is meadow.

Forbes Park is situated in the southern Sangre de Cristo Mountains, and encompasses an area of 13,146 acres which has been subdivided into 3346 parcels of 1 to 5 acres each. The general topography of Forbes Park slopes upward to the southwest, ranging in elevation from 8,415 ft at the main gate to over 10,400 ft at the back of the Park. Forbes Park primarily borders Forbes Wagon Creek to the North, Trinchera Ranches to the West, and the San Isabel National Forest to the South and East. All surrounding areas are heavily wooded. Most of the internal drainage in Forbes Park is into Wagon Creek via South Indian Creek and North and South Forks of West Indian Creek.

 Town/City  Approx Distance Direction From Gate  Approximate Travel Time
 Fort Garland  13.6 miles to West  32 minutes
 San Luis (County Seat)  29.4 miles to Southwest  57 minutes
 Alamosa (Alamosa County)  39.0 miles to West  1 hour 3 minutes
 Walsenburg (Huerfano County)  39.7 miles to Northeast  48 minutes
 La Veta  28.5 miles to East  39 minutes
 Cuchara  37.9 miles to Southeast 1 hour 4 minutes





Figure 1 - Nearby Towns and Cities

The climate in Forbes Park is moderated by its elevation. Winter highs average in the mid-20s and mid-30s. The summer highs are generally in the mid-70s; rarely above 80. Snowfall and Rainfall levels for Forbes Park are shown in the Figures 2 and 3.  The majority of the Park is sub alpine with the exception of the small section of semi-arid terrain.

Average  Sep  Oct  Nov  Dec  Jan  Feb  Mar  Apr  May  Jun  Totals
5 Year Avg.  1.2  12.7  16.1  44.3  43.6  11.7  36.8  36.0  7.7  0.0  209.9
10 Year Avg.  0.9  10.0  12.1  32.8  34.2  19.6  39.3  32.4  5.8  0.0  187.0




Figure 2 - Snowfall levels in Forbes Park

Average  Apr  May  Jun  Jul  Aug  Sep  Oct  Totals
5 Year Avg.  0.08  1.18  1.94  2.13  2.68  1.51  0.66  10.18
10 Year Avg.  0.20  0.99  1.55  2.23  2.53  1.77  1.12  10.38




Figure 3 - Rainfall levels in Forbes Park

The wind is generally out of the southwest during the summer months and north during the winter months. The winds can vary from near calm to winter gales averaging 35-45 miles per hour with gust as high as 70 mph.

Water resources are available within Forbes Park, mainly in the form of manmade ponds including 3 fire-water draft tubes for loading fire auxiliary tankers. There are two creeks that generally carry water year-around. They are North/South branches of Indian Creek and Forbes Wagon Creek. The summer flow amount is minimal.

Animal species in Forbes Park include: deer, elk, coyote, bobcat, mountain lion, black bear, prairie dogs, wild turkey, blue grouse, hawks, owls, porcupine, trout in the two onsite creeks, and a wide variety of smaller animals such as squirrels, chipmunks, and rabbits.  Forbes Park is designated as a wildlife preserve, and no hunting is allowed within Forbes Park.

Of the 3346 parcels comprising Forbes Park, less than 300 have homes and other structures constructed upon them. Forbes Park is essentially a summertime, seasonal, residential community. Many owners bought property for camping, easy access to hunting areas outside the Park, or simply as a land investment. Approximately 50 of the properties have year-round occupancy. Therefore, the community is sparsely populated for most of the winter, and only partially occupied during the summer.

Delineation of Wildland-Urban Interface:


Because of its dispersed, low-density and seasonal occupation, its predominantly forested environment, and its diverse animal species, all of Forbes Park constitutes a Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI).

On the east side of Forbes Park, from the top of the ridge (the Costilla / Huerfano county line) to Hwy 160 there is over 32 sq. miles (20,500 acres) of densely wooded land sloping steeply eastward. This is mostly San Isabel National Forest, except for about 2200 acres of State Trust land in the southern portion. The middle portion is being subdivided and sold into 35 acre “ranchettes” similar to Forbes Wagon Creek, but the whole area is still predominantly wild land.

On the north side of Forbes Park is Forbes Wagon Creek Ranches, a 14,000 acre development with 404 parcels of 35-40 acres and also organized as a property owners association (common interest community). Although much more sparsely developed than Forbes Park, with about 70 residences, about 60% (estimate) of Forbes Wagon Creek is still densely wooded.